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Anti-Semitic Dreyfus Affair Poster

Histoire d'un traître.

Color-illustrated poster, printed by the newspaper Libre Parole towards the end of the Dreyfus Affair, depicting in four rows of four illustrations each the most essential scenes from the story of Captain Alfred Dreyfus, told with an anti-Semitic and anti-Freemason slant, each cartoon with a lengthy caption underneath. Some mild toning, very minor chipping along edge, small repair to lower right corner, old creasing, overall very good. Sheet size approximately 41 x 54 cm. Loose as issued. Paris (Imprimerie Spéciale de la Libre Parole) n.d. (circa 1904).

The Dreyfus Affair was a political scandal that divided the Third French Republic from 1894 until its resolution in 1906, with the pro-Army primarily Catholic "anti-Dreyfusards" on one side and the pro-republican Dreyfusards on the other. It remains today one of the most notable examples of wrongful conviction, with notable influence coming from the press and public opinion. In December 1894, Captain Alfred Dreyfus was convicted of treason and sentenced to life imprisonment for allegedly communicating French military secrets to the German Embassy in Paris. In 1896, evidence came to light identifying a different French Army officer, Major Ferdinand Walsin Esterházy, as the true culprit. High-ranking officers suppressed the evidence, and Esterházy was acquitted. Dreyfus was instead accused of additional charges based on falsified documents. Word of the cover-up spread, mainly owing to Zola's story in L'Aurore, and activists subsequently put pressure on the government to reopen the case. Finally, in 1906, Dreyfus was exonerated and reinstated as a major in the French Army.
Ephemeral paper toys and items such as this one were distributed to help influence public opinion during the time of the Dreyfus Affair and helped contributed to the social and political divide in France at the time. Scarce; as of March 2020, WorldCat locates only two holdings of this broadside poster in North American institutions.

Book ID: 50673

Price: $1,750.00