[Munich?]: [Free Europe Press], [1954-1956]. Single leaves, measuring ca. 14.5 × 57 cm, folded several times along the horizontal axis to create a pamphlet; later issues regular pamphlets with 8 pp. of text and images. A few issues and flybills with wear or tears, but overall about very good.
Significant run of this scarce series of anti-communist flyers in Czech, printed in Germany by Free Europe Press and distributed over Czechoslovakia via balloon from 1954 to 1956. With short articles in Czech and Slovak, the publication informed Czechoslovak readers about political news unavailable to them. It also explained the "Ten Demands" program compiled by Radio Free Europe workers based on interviews with Czechoslovak refugees. Approximately 56 numbered issues were printed, many of them, such as the present ones, illustrated with drawings and small photographs. Also included here is one additional Polish-language item, no. 1 of "Wolna Europe: biuletyn informacyjny" (1955). The various flybills address Czech workers and peasants as members of a "people's opposition" and urge them to raise awareness about possible forms of resistance in factories and farms and the growth of the opposition movement. Of particular interest is an illustrated calendar for he year 1955, with numerous anti-communist caricatures, ditties, and information.
"In the 1950s, at the height of the Cold War, numerous psychological warfare leaflets were prepared by the Free Europe Press (FEP) of the Free Europe Committee. The group worked in cooperation with Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty, with the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) funding much of the operations. FEP leaflets were a major part of the post-World War II psychological warfare battle between East and West. The operation sent 590,415 balloons that carried 301,636,883 leaflets, posters, books, and other printed matter from West Germany over the Iron Curtain to Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Poland from August 1951 to November 1956" (Source: Free Europe Press Cold War Leaflets, Accessed 2019 http://www.psywarrior.com/RadioFreeEurope.html).
As of April 2021, KVK and OCLC show three issues at the British Library and a more significant run, lacking only 12 issues, at Wisconsin-Madison.
Book ID: 51298