African Independence Movement

Neo-Colonialism in Kamerun.

(n.p.): Revolutionary Committee of the U.P.C., 1963. 8vo. (18.7 x 14 cm). Original side-stapled pictorial wrappers. iv, 26 pp. Some very minor creasing to front cover, a few pages with a small tear which does not enter into the text, about very good.

The Union of the Peoples of Cameroon (Union des Populations du Cameroun - UPC) is a pro-independence political party founded on April 10, 1948, at the bar Chez Sierra in the town of Bassa. The majority of the founders were trade unionists. Three days later, the group issued their first public declaration of intent, the "Appeal to the Cameroonians". In June, the UPC decided to call itself the "Cameroonian section of the RDA" (African Democratic Rally), and held its first public function which was attended by 500 people.
Beginning in 1953, facing increased repression by the colonial rule currently in place, the UPC shifted towards more radical political action, and in 1955 the party counted 80,000 citizens in its membership.
On July 13, 1955, France outlawed the UPC, sending the leaders into exile and setting off a long guerrilla war. In the following years, several major party leaders were assassinated, and the armed struggle continued until the early 1970s.
This booklet dates to the period of war. It is comprised of a brief preface by the Revolutionary Committee of the UPC, an 18-page essay by G. Clair titled "Africa, France and the Kamerum Revolution", and an annex also by the Revolutionary Committee of the UPC titled "What Do the Kamerunian People Fight For?" This annex is subdivided into seven sections highlighting the goals of the UPC, including "overthrowing the neo-colonialist regime and setting up a regime of new democracy in the framework of African unity", "reunification of Kamerun", "inaugurating a national planned economy vowed to the well-being of all", "promote a policy of work and well being for all in the social ground, and inaugurate an era of social justice", "the organisation of the civil service and the army on national, popular and democratic lines", "literacy for the entire population, an educational system within the reach of all young people", and "an active struggle for African unity and a non-aligned foreign policy vowed to the pursuit of peace."

A scarce artifact from an important time in Cameroon's political history; as of July 2022, OCLC only finds a single holding in a North American library.

Book ID: 52139