[Germany], 1946. Oblong octavo (15.2 × 21 cm). Original side-stapled pictorial wrappers;  leaves of mimeographed typescript to rectos and versos. With forty-three mimeographed drawings. Good or better; wrappers detached and separated along spine; text block sewn; rust to staple and overall wear and chipping to edges.
Rare mimeographed publication of drill instructions, with explanations of various commands and exercises, including drawings of U.P.A. soldiers in drill positions and various military formations and exercises. The book was originally printed by fighters of the Ukrainian Insurgent Army (Ukrains’ka povstans’ka armiia, or UPA) on Ukrainian territory considered to be occupied by Russian and Polish Bolshevik forces. It was most likely published by Ukrainian DPs (Displaced Persons) in Germany in the early months after WWII.
The Ukrainian Insurgent Army (Ukrain’ska Povstans’ka Armiia, or UPA) was a nationalist paramilitary formation and later a partisan organization that developed out of a far-right section of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists under Stepan Bandera. Founded in 1942, it sought to fight against Soviet and Polish communist forces, as well as against the Nazi occupiers, even though it envisioned an independent Ukrainian state ideologically aligned with Hitler’s Germany, on territory including parts of Ukraine, Russia, and Belarus. Beginning in 1944, cases of collaboration with the Germans against Poles and Soviet forces were increasingly common. The UPA remained active after the war, retreating to the Carpathian Mountains, from where it continued to combat the Polish People’s Republic into the late 1940s. The publications of the UPA do not appear to have attracted much attention in English-language scholarship.
Rare; as of September 2022, KVK, OCLC show a sole copy, at Toronto.
Book ID: 52284