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Dada, Surrealism and Constructivism – French and Belgian Avant-Garde – Jozef Peeters

Manomètre: mélange les langues – enregistre des idées – indique la pression sur tous le méridiens – est polyglotte et supranational [Pressure gauge: mixes languages – records ideas – indicates pressure on all meridians – is polyglot and supranational]. No. 5 (of 9).

Lyon: Imprimeries Réunies, February 1923. Square octavo (22.5 × 17.5 cm). Original staple-stitched typographically designed wrappers; pp. 77-92. With 2 linocut prints (included in pagination) by Jozef Peeters (full page) and Émile Didier. Wrappers and leaves somewhat toned and dust-soiled; one leaf with crayon markings, else very good.

Single issue of the rare avant-garde journal, of which a total of nine numbers appeared at irregular intervals between 1922 and 1928. The painter, art critic, writer, and neurologist Émile Malespine maintained numerous international contacts with the most diverse groups and currents. The first issues were characterized by Dadaism and Surrealism, with contributions by Tristan Tzara, Hans Arp, Philippe Soupault, and Jorge Louis Borges. In issue 7, however, Malespine clearly distanced himself from Surrealism and from Breton's use of the terms conscious and unconscious with his "Manifeste du suridéalisme". He also maintained contact with Kurt Schwitters, in whose "Merz" advertisements for "Manomètre" also appeared and vice versa. Malespine was anxious to have Schwitters as a partner in his journal in 1925. For financial reasons, however, there was no closer collaboration after the publication of "Merz" 18/19. Also "Manomètre" saw a turn toward Constructivism, as evidenced by contributions from Lajos Kassák, Piet Mondrian, and László Moholy-Nagy. (See Annkathrin Sonder and Antje Wulff, Kurt Schwitters. Die Reihe Merz 1923-1932, p. 895.) The extent to which Malespine was integrated into the network of European Constructivists can be seen not only in the guest articles and advertising that appeared in "Manomètre" for periodicals such as "De Stijl", "MA", "Mecano", "Stavba", "Zenit", and "Zwrotnica", but also conversely in the fact that Malespine was also able to publish his own texts in "MA" (see Péter Zoltan, Laos Kassák, Wien und der Konstruktivismus 1920-1926, Frankfurt a. M. 2010, p. 150).

This issue contains texts by, among others, Benjamin Péret, Tristan Tzara, and Michel Seuphor. The Constructivist linocut by Jozef Peeters, who contributed to the avant-garde journal "Het Overzicht" [The overview] from 1922, is also worthy of mention. Coming from Marinetti's Futurism, he became part of the European network of Constructivists in the 1920s and maintained contacts with Moholy-Nagy, Lissitzky, Mondrian, and Vantongerloo, among others.

See Dada global no. 140 (issue 2); Tendenzen der Zwanziger Jahre no. 3/145 (issue 1); not in Motherwell and Verkauf.

Book ID: 52334

Price: $1,200.00