[New York]: 1907. Octavo (23 × 15.3 cm). Original side-stapled printed wrappers; 192 pp. About very good; some wear and fraying to spine.
Scarce anonymously published brochure containing the radically anarchist program of Iakov Kirillovskii, who used the pseudonym Daniil Novomirskii. He was "the foremost anarcho-syndicalist in Russia before being sent to a Siberian labor camp in 1905 and subsequently escaping to New York, where he contributed to both Golos Truda and the Fraye Arbeter Shtime" (Kenyon Zimmer, Immigrants Against the State, 117). The theoretical treatise concludes with a project for a concrete anarcho-syndicalist program, which explicitly reserves the possibility of violence: "Russian anarchists must lead a ceaseless revolutionary fight against the state... must ceaselessly inflict brutal blows... This destructive work consists in terrorist attacks on representatives of state, capital, and church..." (p. 192). Novomirskii himself is known to have participated in bank robberies and related attacks of the South-Russian anarchist group "Novyi mir" ("New world"), from which his pseudonym derives. The first edition of this work was published in Odessa in 1906. WorldCat suggests that the present edition was likewise printed in Odessa. But given the fact that the price is indicated in cents and numerous footnotes are in English, and considering the overall design, which is rather reminiscent of the New York Russian press, it is more likely a publication by the anarchist community in New York. Kirillovskii had spent time in New York in 1905, where he founded a local "Novyi Mir" group, but returned to Odessa in 1906. He lived in the United States once more from 1915 to 1917, returning to Russia after the October Revolution. He was a publisher and journalist during the early Soviet period, until his growing criticism of the Bolsheviks led to his arrest in 1929. He perished during the Great Terror in a Soviet labor camp. Scarce in the trade.
Book ID: P5154