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Short-Lived Polish Communist Paper

Zolnierz Rewolucji: pismo poswiecone czynowi rewolucyjnemu zolnierza polskiego [Soldier of the Revolution. A letter dedicated to the revolutionary Polish soldier], no. 3 (dated August 17, 1920).

Kiev: 1920. Newsprint, measuring 35 × 27 cm; 8 pp. Illustrations throughout. Small discard stamp of the Warsaw Public Library to front page. Spine fold with small tears; old horizontal crease; still about very good.

One issue (of ten published) of a communist Polish-language weekly, intended for distribution among the soldiers of the Polish Army during the Polish-Bolshevik War (1919–1921). A prominent Polish Bolshevik, Julian Leński (born Leszcyński, 1889–1937) seems to have been one of the initiators of the paper, and the only credited article in this issue is by him. In 1906 Leński joined Social Democrats of the Kingdom of Poland and Lithuania (SDKPiL), and took part in the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917. In 1918 he served as an editor of the newpaper “Trybuna” (Tribune) and was appointed commissioner of the Polish front in 1919 during the Russian Civil War (1918–1922), later becoming education commissioner of the Lithuanian-Belorussian Soviet Republic. In addition to propagandistic articles, this issue contains numerous political cartoons and caricatures intended to sway Polish soldiers toward the communist cause. The publication existed for only four months, from July to October 1920, publishing 10 issues total with a print run of about 30000. The newspaper was a continuation of “The Polish Soldier”, a Polish communist newspaper published starting in May of 1920.

KVK, OCLC show no copies outside of Poland.

Book ID: P6475

Price: $250.00