[Geneva]: Tipografiia partii Sotsialistov-Revoliutsianerov, 1903. Octavo (16.5 × 11.5 cm). Original staple-stitched printed wrappers; 54 pp. Light soil to wrappers; spine extremities frayed; bottom left corner of front wrapper chipped, still good or better.
First edition. А critical pamphlet about agrarian reform proposed by Russian Social Democratic Labor Party (RSDRP) the party of Lenin, until the split between Mensheviks and Bolsheviks in 1903, with Lenin siding with the Bolsheviks. Written by a leading member of the rival Party of Socialist Revolutionaries (SRs) Aleksandr Ivanovich Potapov (1869-1915), the pamphlet takes apart Lenin’s pamphlet “K derevenskoi bednote” (To the rural poor: an explanation for the peasants of the goals of the Social Democrats), published in Geneva a few months earlier. Potapov, a Moscow medical doctor was a member of Narodnaia Volia, a revolutionary organization with controversial terrorist leanings, for which he was arrested and sentenced to exile in Siberia, eventually ending up in emigration in Geneva. From 1903 Potapov belonged to the inner circle of the Party of Socialist Revolutionaries (SRs), publishing several pamphlets on agrarian reform, with this one re-published in 1905 and 1906. After the 1917 Revolution, SRs won the majority of votes in Russia’s first democratic elections to the Constituent Assembly, however the elections were annulled as the Bolsheviks took over. This pamphlet is an early record of the direct debate between the two major revolutionary parties. Catalog of the Party of Socialist Revolutionaries to rear wrapper. KVK and OCLC show copies at Harvard, Columbia, YIVO, Cornell, Pennsylvania, Indiana, Washington, Stanford, Diet Library, Humboldt, Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, and the Swiss National Library.
Book ID: P6533